- Phospholipids from sunflower lecithin
- 5200 mg per dose
- High in phosphatidylcholine
- Essential component of all biological membranes
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PHOSPHOLIPIDS COMPLEX - DERIVED FROM SUN FLOWER LECITIHIN
The first phospholipid was identified in 1847 as a component of egg yolks by Theodore Nicolas Gobley, a French chemist and pharmacist. Beginning in 1900 the unique and specific effects of phospholipids began to be unraveled and until today these substances remain of high pharmaceutical interest.
Although no precise guidelines are known as to the optimal intake amount researchers have been able to stablish a decrease in daily intake by about a third since the beginning of the last century. Today's diet includes much less of these important substances than before.
• Beneficial for heart and blood vessels
• Beneficial for cholesterol
• Beneficial for the liver
• Protects the intestinal wall
• Beneficial for the nervous system
• Contributes to the development of the brain
• For a clear mind
• Positive for body and mind
• Promotes reflexes
• Reinfocring nerves
• May promote signal transfer between cells
• Releaves stress / tension
• Improves concentration
• Improves memory
• For better learning performance
• Beneficial effect on health
• Maximizes physical performance in sports
Phospholipids are fat-protein complexes that are linked to each other so as to form a membrane, which encloses every living cell in the body. Most people think of a cell membrane as a kind of closed skin, but the opposite is true.
With the "fluid mosaic" model by S.J. Singer and G. L. Nicolson 1972 it became clear that cell membranes are a delicate fluid--far from a stiff skin or fleece-like layer. The fluid aspect of this theory indicates that some parts of a membrane are able to move freely. The mosaic aspect refers to the patchwork of proteins in the phospholipid bilayer.
Simply put, a cell membrane consists of proteins floating in a layer of fat. This liquid-like characteristic of cell membranes is vital to their function and depends largely on the presence of phospholipids, especially phosphatidylcholine. The body is able to produce the larger part of phospholipids that it needs but dietary intake is as an important complement to this.
The role of phospholipids within the body
Phospholipids are essential components of all biological membranes, in animals, plant life and micro-organisms. Hundreds of different phospholipids have been described in the literature. Of these, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylcholine are probably the two most well-known.
In any biological system membrane phospholipids not only provide a structural molecule but also a dynamic and functional part of cells. For example, phosphatidylcholine provides a membrane matrix, regulating the fluidity, charge distribution and electrical characteristics. As a result, enzymes and other membrane molecules are enabled to perform their respective functions. We are, as always in the body, looking at a complex system of systems.
Other features of membrane phospholipids include support of expansion in growing cells and membrane renewal and regeneration. With phospholipids, direct and indirect interactions modulate activity of receptors, enzymes, ion channels, and signaling molecules. This multi-functional role of phospholipids makes it a key player in the regulation of biological cell activities.
Phospholipids are unique because they are amphiphilic, or amphipathic, lipids. Amphiphilic compounds have both hydrophilic (water-loving) and hydrophobic (water-repellent) properties. The phospholipids in most cell membranes are glycerophospholipids such as, for example, the previously mentioned lecithin, phosphatidylcholine.
In addition, a phospholipid can, rather than to a glycerol, also bind to a long chain amino-alcohol sphingosine. The group of phospholipids with this potential are known as sfingofosfolipiden. The most famous is sphingomyelin, found in high concentrations in brain and nerve tissue.
As a cell membrane component, phosphatidylcholine is naturally found throughout the body, but tissues such as the liver, lungs, gastrointestinal system, kidneys and brains are particularly rich in this phospholipid. Of the approximately 60 grams of phosphatidyl choline contained within the body about 30 grams is contained in the brain.
Daily intake of phospholipids
The daily intake of phospholipids from the diet is estimated to average around 2-8 grams. The proportion of phosphatidylserine herein is about 130 mg taken in daily. Many products rich in phospholipids are also rich in cholesterol and fat. Think organ meats, seafood, egg yolks, and milk.
Most of the phospholipids used in supplements are derived from lecithins from, for instance, soybeans or sunflower. Phospholipids from egg yolks or roe are also used in supplements.
The phospholipids complex by Empirical Labs is made of sunflower lecithin and contains a mixture of phosphatidylcholine, fosphatidylethanolamine, fosphatidylinositol and glycolipids. After ingestion the phospholipids are distributed throughout the body with effects varying between different areas!