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Prebiotics - Galacto-Oligosaccharides (GOS)
Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are one of the best studied types of prebiotic fibers. They occur naturally in breast milk and contribute to the development of the gut microbiome by acting as a nutrient for microbes such as Bifidobacteria and some of the Lactobacilli.
GOS are a specific form of prebiotic galactose sugars. It is one of more than 200 biologically active sugars that occur naturally in breast milk. They belong to the group of 'Human Milk Oligosaccharides' (HMO) sugars. They are complex in structure and have a broad spectrum of biological effects. They are therefore suitable for both adults and children.
Alpha-GOS and beta-GOS: The difference
The first GOS on the market was beta-GOS, with which much expertise was gained. Beta-GOS is extracted from lactose (bovine) with the aid of enzymatic hydrolysis. In addition, galacto-oligosaccharides naturally occur in their fructosylated form (Raffinose Family Oligosaccharides RFOs) - in legumes: the alpha-GOS. The main difference between alpha- and beta-GOS therefore comes down to the configuration of the molecules as rooted in the compound's origin.
Beta-GOS is still regarded as the reference prebiotic, but due to its origin (lactose intolerance) there has been an increasing demand for alpha-GOS.
Prebiotics powder: nutrition for your intestinal flora
Prebiotics are important nutrients that support the growth of good bacteria in the intestines. Planting "seeds" (probiotics) and adding "manure" (prebiotics) in the garden called the microbiome is effective, easy and thus a sensible addition to any normal diet. Unlike probiotics, prebiotics do not contain any living bacteria, but serve to support probiotics and the already present intestinal flora.
Role of the intestinal flora
The role of the intestinal flora is increasingly seen as that of a control center of the human body. Maintaining diversity and quality is therefore critically important. Fiber-rich and fermented foods support the intestines but probiotics and prebiotics can play important roles as well.
Fermentation of prebiotics in the intestines
Prebiotic fibers are not digestible by humans and therefore have no direct nutritional value. Prebiotic fibers pass the stomach and the upper part of the small intestinal intact. In the lower part of the small intestine and in the large intestine, the fibers are fermented by various types of bacteria and yeasts. In exchange for this bulk food they produce a series of substances that can be used to the host’s benefit.
Prebiotic powder: The Benefits
- Combines perfectly with Kefir Probiotics
- Combines perfectly with 2'-Fucosyllactose
- Due to the slightly sweet taste, the probiotic powder can even be used as a sweetener
- Particularly effective and easy to dose because the powder is fine in structure and dissolves easily
- The powder can easily be combined with probiotics and has a synergistic effect
- Because of its natural origin, it is completely free from allergens and contains no artificial additives
- Fibers in exchange for nutrients
Unlike dietary fiber
Intra-intestinal microorganisms produce, among other things, vitamins, endocannabinoids and short-chain fatty acids such as butyrate, lactate, acetate and propionate. These fatty acids have incredible effects throughout the body and form the essence of the cooperation between host and guest: the human body and the intestinal flora. Prebiotics are also referred to as soluble fibers, while non-soluble fibers (dietary fibers) are best known for stimulating bowel regularity.
This main function of prebiotics is central even in adults. Based on the available data, GOS can be regarded as the ultimate prebiotic. They simply provide a better growth of the intestinal flora than do other types of prebiotics such as fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), xylooligosaccharides (XOS), soya-oligosaccharides (SOS) and inulin. GOS is extremely well tolerated and can even be used during a FODMAP diet.
Food choices and fiber
The food you eat not only feeds yourself but also the trillions of microbes in your intestines. In other words: you always eat for two, and when making food choices you should always include the intestinal flora in your considerations. Because more than 99% of the gene pool and approximately 9 in 10 cells inside your body are bacterial, it is important to think "ecologically and sustainably".
You should therefore like to maintain, feed and develop this essential extracorporeal organ. If you do this well, the bodily effects are unprecedented. The many ways in which microorganisms interact with the food you take will be optimized. For example, they not only help with fiber digestion, the production of fatty acids, vitamins and hydrogen, but they also consume calories. Eating various prebiotic fibers, apart from natural exposure to bacteria, is central to optimization in many ways.
Synbiotics: The effective combination of pre- and probiotics
Prebiotics improve and complement the effect of probiotics such as available in fermented kefir capsules. With such a combination you not only supply various bacteria and yeasts but also the food they thrive on. This is a natural manure with which the viability and robustness of bacterial growth is optimized.
The effects of a synbiotic combination surpass those of prebiotics or probiotics in isolation by several times. It is an important principle to consider when optimizing your personal microbiome.
Something you didn’t know: Hydrogen production
The largest output of fiber consumption by the intestinal flora is that of short-chain fatty acids and gases such as hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Short-chain fatty acids are usually in the spotlight as extremely beneficial for the body. Hydrogen gas (H2), by contrast, has been unfairly undervalued. Hydrogen, together with oxygen, is deeply intertwined with the origin of life on earth and its evolution. The balance of oxygen and hydrogen—that is, between oxidation and reduction—is essential in living organisms. Until recently, researchers’ attention mainly focused on oxygen and the role of hydrogen was largely ignored. Fortunately, more and more change is seen at this point.
Hydrogen is interesting because it works as a selective antioxidant that neutralises the most dangerous of free radicals (hydroxyl radicals). In this hydrogen is unique, as it does not disturb other radicals that are important for the functioning of the body. In addition, hydrogen activates other antioxidant enzymes and cell-protecting proteins, and functions as an important signaling molecule.
To capitalize on hydrogen gas you need not spend money on expensive therapies or gadgets. You can simply use your body's own hydrogen gas production system: the intestinal flora. The hydrogen gas produced in the intestines quickly diffuses into other tissues and can effectively reach the mitochondria and cellular nuclei there.
Take 12 grams per day (about 4 teaspoons) and mix the powder with liquid of your choice
3 grams of ß-Galacto-Oligosaccharides (GOS) †.
† Recommended Daily Allowance not determined.