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Muscles

The bone and muscle system or musculoskeletal system consists of more than 600 bones and 205 skeletal muscles. In combination with joints, ligaments, tendons and connective tissue, they form the structural support of the body. Maintaining sufficient muscle mass plays a central role in healthy living and vital ageing as it supports mobility, strength, robustness and adaptability. Other systems continue to be optimally trained by training the musculoskeletal system, such as hormone production, blood circulation and stress resistance.

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Different types of muscles

A muscle is a tissue structure of cells that can relax and contract, two factors that allow movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: striated muscle tissue, smooth muscle tissue and cardiac muscle tissue. The majority of our muscles consist of striated muscles, so called because of the stripe pattern that is formed by myofibrils (functional units of muscle proteins). This muscle tissue can be found in the skeletal muscles that are attached to the bones by means of tendons. The skeletal muscles can be controlled consciously and during intensive activities, these muscle cells can eventually become exhausted. Smooth muscles are found in the walls of blood vessels, airways and the digestive tract and are responsible for transporting blood, air and food. These muscles cannot be controlled consciously, but respond to stimuli from the nervous system or have their own pacemaker cells. Finally, the heart has its own type of muscle tissue. The heart muscle tissue cannot be controlled consciously, but it is also crossed.

 

Healthy and flexible muscles

The maintenance of healthy, flexible muscles or muscle building is accompanied by healthy nutrition. Protein, magnesium, calcium and vitamin D support the proper functioning of the muscles.